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TOR Governance Specialist

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Summary: To assist various State Institutions (state institutions), Non-state Institutions (non state institutions), Implementing Agencies (IAs) and the Ministry of Interior in the implementation of the Demand for Good Governance (DFGG) Project, by providing expertise in the development and implementation of governance program activities.

1-BACKGROUND: The Demand for Good Governance (DFGG) Project

The Royal Government of Cambodia (RGC) has recognized the importance of strengthening
governance in its National Strategic Development Plan (NSDP) 2006-10 and in the Rectangular
Strategy (RS) 2004-08. The RGC has also publicly recognized that "achieving good governance
will require the active participation and commitment of all segments of the society, enhanced
information sharing, accountability, transparency, equality, inclusiveness, and the rule of law"
(RGC 2004). A number of key government policy documents, such as the RS, the Governance
Action Plan, and the Decentralization and De-concentration (D&D) Strategic Framework
recognize the helpful role civil society can play in governance processes.

The DFGG Project is a response to the current RGC push for reform, and has been approved as a
US$20 million-equivalent grant from the International Development Association (IDA). It will
be implemented over a four-year period (2009-2013), under the general coordination of the
Ministry of Interior (MOI) as the Executing Agency. Conceptually, 'Demand for good
governance' (DFGG) aims to increase the extent and ability of citizens and other non-state actors
(NSAs) to hold the state accountable, and to make it responsive to their needs. In turn, DFGG
enhances the capacity of the state to become more transparent, accountable and responsive to

The process of operationalizing this concept will be implemented through four key activities: (i)
promoting demand by disclosing, demystifying, and disseminating information on key
government programs; (ii) mediating demand by creating and strengthening avenues for citizen
feedback and addressing citizen concerns; (iii) responding to demand by creating programs for
service delivery; and (iv) promoting regular monitoring and oversight of the public sector by
independent actors.

The overall development objective of the DFGG Project aims to enhance demand for good
governance in priority reform areas by strengthening institutions, promoting partnerships, and
sharing lessons. This is to be achieved by supporting selected state institutions (SIs) engaged in
DFGG through promotion, mediation, response, or monitoring functions; supporting non-state
actors (NSAs) to develop DFGG programs in partnership with SIs or independently; and
promoting learning, awareness raising, and capacity building on demand-side governance
approaches in a broader context.

The DFGG project will therefore include the following components:
Component 1: Support to State Institutions. The project will support the strengthening
and scaling-up of programs conducted by four SIs which have committed leadership and
demonstrated initial success: (i) the Arbitration Council (under the purview of the
Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training); (ii) law dissemination and complaints
handling (under the Ministry of National Assembly and Senate Relations and
Inspections); (iii) the One Window Service Offices and District Ombudsman (under the
MOI); and (iv) Radio National Kampuchea (under the Ministry of Information).

Component 2: Support to Non-State Institutions. The project will strengthen the
engagement of civil society and NSAs in DFGG activities by providing grant funding and
capacity building assistance to NSAs. The program is administered by the Asia

Component 3: Coordination and Learning. The MOI is responsible for overall project
coordination of the DFGG Project; awareness raising; and capacity building for a broader
range of institutions than merely those directly involved in project implementation. To
this end, a Project Coordination Office has been established, which will be responsible
overseeing the daily management of the project, tracking progress, ensuring timely
reporting, and promoting adherence to best management practices on part of all IAs. The
PCO will have three small units that will comprise government and contract staff,
supported by technical advisers:

(a) Project Coordination Unit: Functions will include oversight and coordination
in planning and budgeting, financial management, internal audit, procurement and
asset management, MBPI, PMG, and management information systems.
(b) Learning and Communication Unit: Functions will include guiding and
overseeing the preparation and delivery of the annual Awareness Raising and
Capacity Building, Communication and Studies Programs.
(c) Monitoring and Evaluation Unit: Assisted by the M&E research firm, the
functions of this unit will include managing and supporting the M&E function
across all components, developing forms/report formats to collect information on
progress and performance, assisting in the development and testing tools/methods
for evaluation, training M&E staff from the IAs, compiling and aggregating
information from Components 1 and 2, and reporting regularly to the RGC and
the Bank.

Component 3 has been structured into two subcomponents:

1) Subcomponent 3A: Coordination of Project Implementation; and
2) Subcomponent 3B: Learning.


The main objective of the consulting assignment is to provide advisory and implementation
support for good governance within the DFGG Project, under the overall guidance of the PCO,
by providing technical expertise to guide the development and implementation of DFGG governance
program activities. S/he will provide technical expertise to mentor and manage the design, and
development of program activities in governance, transparency, and accountability. S/he will
ensure that governance activities are part of an integrated approach and work in coordination
with other specialist in other programmatic areas to build on existing programs and develop best
practices in areas of governance.

The DFGG Project's strategy for building longer-term capacity in good governance in Cambodia
is to facilitate adoption of demand-side approaches beyond the SIs and IAs participating in the
project, and to promote continued constructive partnerships between SIs and NSIs and IAs.
Within the context of good governance, this is to promote DFGG approaches and practices
within and beyond the SIs and NSIs that participate in implementation of the project. Building on
results from Components 1 and 2, and drawing from relevant experience elsewhere, the DFGG
seeks to support the broader, gradual, and necessarily longer-term process of governance reform
in Cambodia.

• Support the DFGG Project in the development of good governance arrangements that
follow best practice between the SIs and IAs, despite their very diverse mandates and
programs, which are likely to have valuable experiences to share that can reinforce
DFGG practices across different sectors.

•Support the DFGG Project with substantive technical input to its knowledge products and
with input to its participation in discussions, conferences and meetings with development
partners, private sector agencies and government.

The consultant is expected to work for a period of 90 days over a twelve -month period The
consultant will deliver a Inception Report and workplan of twenty pages within 10 working days
proposing a plan to achieve the objectives of DFGG Good Governance after a review of key
figures, organizations, achievements, and an assessment of challenges and provide to DFGG
management a one day workshop on the plan and actions.

The responsibilities of the Consultant will cover the following five categories:
1) Formulate the two-year DFGG Good Governance Strategy, comprising the two
activities/programs listed under Section 2 above, and thereafter prepare Annual Work
Plans (AWPs) for implementation of the agreed strategy;
2) Establish work plans based on baseline surveys with the SIs and IAs to identify good
governance lessons emerging from the project, promoting synergies within SIs and IAs
and between SIs and NSIs , and looking for good practices, complementarities, and
opportunities for experimentation across SIs and IAs and between SIs and NSIs;
3) Organize activities and programs for good governance, awareness raising among DFGG
practitioners within and beyond the project, including training of project staff and other
interested state and non-state institutions on DFGG practices;
4) Manage the design and implementation of conducting research and studies on governancerelated
issues and other dissemination activities, to be undertaken by specialized
consultants; and
5) Carry out research and studies on DFGG concepts and practices within Cambodia and
derived from international experience to enhance DFGG tools and methods and support
the DFGG Project to achieve its development objectives .
6) Provide Good Governance capacity building plan and training materials with case studies
for SIs and NSIs through DFGG;
7) Provide Final Report Good Governance efforts with key issues and recommendations
with action plan. This should be presented through a one day workshop to all DFGG. A
draft final report with sildes should be presented to PCO one week before the workshop
for review.

5 - INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENT: Data, Local Services, Personnel, and Facilities to be provided by MoI

The Consultant will work in Phnom Penh at the offices of the MOI/PCO under the direct
supervision of the MOI Project Coordinator. The Consultant will coordinate closely with
MOI/PCO staff and consultants engaged in the project implementation.

The DFGG project will provide the necessary office resources to meet the objectives of the
Governance Specialist. MOI will provide the Consultant with administrative support, including
technical and communications facilities, assistance with making appointments and travel
arrangements, organizing meetings and workshops, distributing documents, and other provisions
necessary to facilitate the work.


This position is subject to international recruitment. The Consultant must be a citizen of a
member country of the World Bank, and will have the following qualifications and experience:
• Knowledge of the Social Accountability and Demand Side Governance Mechanisms
• A Bachelor's degree with fifteen years relevant experience. A graduate degree is desirable.
• Strong managerial experience in human resources, strategic planning, and budgeting.
• Ability to build strong personal relationships with key figures from all sectors of society
• Previous experience in Cambodia governance and development work preferred.
• Experience with government, donors, and civil society.
• Excellent language and writing skills in English, working knowledge of Khmer preferred.
• Experience in marketing, publicity, and communications.
• Knowledge of local governance reforms, culture, and civil society organizations.
The Governace Specialist will work with the MOI/PCO Team that has been set up by the MOI to
oversee the coordination and learning in the DFGG project.
7 - Skills:
Computer literacy: with proficiency in the use word process, power point and excel software.

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